Hypoestes (Latin Hypoestes) is a genus of tropical plants of the Acanthus family, common in the tropics of Africa and Madagascar. There are more than 100 species in the genus, some of them have gained popularity as indoor ornamental plants, since they differ in two remarkable qualities: variegated color and unpretentious care.
The largest indoor plants: TOP-23
Tall indoor plants look mesmerizing and create the illusion of enlarging the interior.
Indoor plants above one and a half meters in height immediately attract the attention of everyone who happens to be in your house. They add a dramatic touch to the interior and can serve as a focal point in your room. Green leaves can shade the design of the room, even turn the room into an impromptu forest, jungle. In the winter garden, palms and ficuses are certainly appropriate - they will become the center of the composition.
The main advantage: more oxygen! Plants differ from all other living things in that they produce oxygen, not carbon dioxide. It is easier to breathe indoors with a lot of plants.
Most large plants grow easily, they are not capricious, it is very easy to care for them.
When choosing large plants for your home, pay attention to:
- Growth rate. Some palms reach great heights within a year, others need to grow for several years before becoming a tree.
- Demanding care. Most large plants are unpretentious, but there are some that require abundant watering, spraying, increased room temperature and humidity, like in a rainforest.
- Appearance. Someone likes palm trees, someone ficuses, and someone wants to harvest figs or lemons, personal preference is very important.
Flowers in the room: selection criteria
It is necessary to select plants taking into account the growing conditions.
One desire for owning beautiful indoor plants is not enough; for successful growth, green pets need to create favorable conditions: illumination, regular watering, timely feeding and compliance with other requirements. Each type of indoor plant requires certain care, the most important criterion is the illumination.
Before purchasing a plant, it is worth finding out what kind of lighting it needs to provide. If house trees require a sunny location (hibiscus, hamerops, coconut palms, oleanders), they should not be placed in the back of the room, away from a light source, or in a room with north-facing windows. Insufficient lighting will stress the plants, slow down growth, and can lead to the death of valuable specimens.
If your choice is made in favor of indoor flowers for partial shade (hamedorea, monstera, aglaonema, dieffenbachia), and the windows of the room face the south side, it is necessary to take measures to prevent the appearance of burns from ultraviolet rays on the leaves of green pets. Flowers can be moved away from the window to the back of the room, shaded with transparent curtains during hot hours, or moved to another room, where the burning sun cannot damage the delicate leaves. It is worth remembering that burns cannot be cured - ugly dry spots will forever remain on the leaves.
When starting a houseplant, it is worth asking if it is poisonous. If there are children, pets in the room, it is best not to have problem plants. Poisonous species include the most popular indoor plants: monstera, dieffenbachia, aglaonema, cyclamen, cyclamen, ivy, spathiphyllum, and anthurium. It is even recommended to transplant them with gloves so that the burning juice does not damage the skin and mucous membranes.
Deservedly included in the list of the easiest cultures to reproduce, sansevieria (Sansevieria) with its tough leaves decorated with variegated rippling patterns, does not take root very quickly, but is almost guaranteed. And plants with flowering rosettes, and the more popular cylindrical sansevieria, and "pike" rooted in the same way - with parts of leaves.
Large whole leaves are cut transversely into "columns" from 5 to 12 cm long. To preserve the variegated colors of the variety, all the "green" parts are cut out from the leaf, for simple plants such tricks are not needed. Slices must be dried. Cuts of sansevieria leaves can be rooted in water, but a more reliable method is in soil or sand, submerging the leaf about a third of the height, vertically or at a slight angle, observing the direction of growth. Rooting in sansevieria takes only a few weeks, but the formation of daughter plants ready for separation will take up to 4 months.
Features of growing unpretentious indoor plants
For all its unpretentiousness, any plants appreciate proper care and recommended agricultural techniques. Therefore, first of all, take care of the correct fit.
- Prepare loose, breathable soil. Add any baking powder: coarse river sand, vermiculite.
- Be sure to drain the bottom of the pot from broken bricks, expanded clay, etc.
- Do not overfill!
- Succulents are easy to propagate by cuttings - break off a shoot or leaf, put it in the ground and cover with a bag or plastic bottle until rooting.
- Deciduous plants can be propagated by transplanting by dividing the bush. Chlorophytum reproduces by rosettes.
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10 most popular indoor plants
Despite the general love for bright, colorful and unusual indoor plants, which gave rise to the fashion for exotic plants, there are cultures that do not disappear from the windowsills, no matter what trends. Familiar to everyone, which have become a real "golden classic" plants are special, have proven their irreplaceability and uniqueness of culture, time-tested. Among them there are both modest crumbs and large giants. But one thing unites them - traditional beauty and ease of cultivation.
"Grandma's" plants with an impeccable reputation
Plants that are among the most classic indoor crops have certainly earned legendary status. They have decorated windowsills for centuries, and even when fashion changed, they still occupied a special place in the hearts of fans and never experienced a period of complete oblivion. Such plants are often called "grandmother's": their appearance is really familiar to everyone from childhood. These plants were widely used to decorate both homes and public institutions - schools, hospitals, administrations, offices. They seem to take us to another era with one look, they are recognizable at first glance. They cannot be confused with any other plant. And such well-known and familiarity has both positive and negative sides.
The main advantages of classic plants:
- their endurance is time-tested
- it is very easy to grow such plants, they require basic care
- classic plants will suit even the most inexperienced growers
- plants are easy to propagate
- they are available and widespread, and finding them will not present any difficulties
- plants will never go out of style.
But the disadvantages of such cultures are really at least:
- hard to surprise with classics
- traditional plants do not go well with fashionable novelties
- they are more difficult to match with modern interior styles.
Often, the usual, boring appearance is also considered to be the negative traits of cultures from among the "golden classics". But there is no need to rush with such a categorical statement. "Grandmothers" does not mean boring and faceless. Many classic plants remain indispensable and inimitable today. Through the efforts of breeders, traditional cultures are experiencing a new heyday and gaining new admirers. Time does not stand still. The range of indoor plants expands to almost unimaginable choices. And those cultures, the look of which is familiar to everyone, are far from an exception in this race for originality.
The unusual structure, shape of leaves and play of colors in fashionable varieties and hybrids, the discovery and introduction of new, rarer species into indoor culture allow the classics to always remain relevant. And never get lost in the range of thousands of houseplant species available today. So, for example, it is difficult to find a replacement for the so beloved and tender uzambara violets or an analogue of cacti.
Houseplants. © AwakenedEye
Any classic plant in the right "presentation" can become the pride of the collection. In how plants are perceived, their placement, the choice of capacity and even additional decor, are no less important than the decorative details of leaves or inflorescences. And in the perception of the attractiveness or dullness of traditional cultures, the entire responsibility lies with the owners. Fashionable design can even “fit” a boring aloe into a high-tech room or turn hibiscus into a colorful space divider for a loft. (Loft is an architectural style of the XX-XXI century, the upper part of an industrial building (factory, plant, warehouse), converted into housing, a workshop, office space or an event area. from the angle you look at the plants and how much attention you give them.
Let's remember our honored heroes and get to know the top ten representatives of the “golden classics”. Their appearance is well known, but they are also capable of surprising with their diversity. It is simply impossible to find more reliable green and flowering pets with simple care.
For a list of the most popular indoor plants, see the next page.
Friends, indoor ornamental foliage plants will decorate your home in winter and summer. Among them there are large and small specimens, capricious sissies and hardened "Spartans". Some, such as anthurium, are beautiful not only in foliage, but also in flowers. Representatives of the aroid family are poisonous. Of course, I did not talk about all the species, within the framework of one article this is impossible. Choose flowers to your liking, learn to care for them - and they will not disappoint.
Despite such an abundance of beautiful decorative deciduous, I would not advise you to give up flowering plants. Let them delight with flowering not so long, but their bright colors are so pleasant! But I'll talk about this next time. And for today I have everything. Natalya was with you.
Tell us about your favorite colors in the comments! Ask questions, if something is not clear, I will answer with pleasure! If you liked the article, share with your friends!