How to plant dill and when: all about planting
Dill is the best assistant to the hostess in the kitchen. A simple plant that does not require complex care, grown both in the garden and on the windowsill, can transform any dish. And if you know how to sow dill properly, fresh herbs will be on your table all year round.
Garden dill is an unpretentious plant. It rises at a temperature of +3 degrees, so it can be planted in the garden in the spring, as soon as the snow melts. How many times is dill planted in a summer? For the next planting, the land will be ready in 20 days. If you want to harvest in early spring, you can sow seeds in late October or early November. Early germination of sprouts can also be obtained by sowing germinated seeds, but such cultivation requires proper preparation.
But if you plan to grow greens at home, on a balcony or windowsill, then you don't have to wait for spring. The optimum temperature for the growth of dill is +15 - +20 degrees, and you can maintain this temperature on a kitchen windowsill or a glazed and insulated balcony all year round. Dill can grow in shaded areas, but it blooms best in good light. Therefore, if your windows face the sunny side, the home garden will be green and lush, and caring for the plants will not cause any problems.
Before planting, rinse the dill in hot water, so you will wash off the essential oil that interferes with the pecking of the shoots. When you soak them in a damp cloth to check if the greens are springing up. You need to soak for 2-3 days. Non-sprouted seeds can be seasoned with any dish.
When the sprouts have appeared, you can proceed to the next stage of preparation - soaking in potassium permanganate. This must be done to disinfect the plant - in the future it will hurt less. Dilute the potassium permanganate in a glass of water until it is deep pink and leave the seeds in it. In 2-3 hours they will be ready for further work.
It so happens that there is no potassium permanganate in the house, do not be upset. For disinfection, 3% hydrogen peroxide is suitable. Heat it to 40 ° C, place the seeds in the liquid. Soak for 8 minutes. Another option is boric acid solution. Take half a teaspoon of boric acid and dissolve in a glass of warm water, then soak the seeds for 2 hours.
Before planting - wash the seeds. The choice of soil for planting is also an important stage. Opt for a neutral soil that is used for indoor plants. Mix it with loose garden soil in equal proportions. Before using, it is worth disinfecting the earth from harmful microorganisms (only applies to cases when you yourself prepare the earth) - calcine it in the oven. Remove after 30 minutes and let stand for 24 hours.
While the seeds and soil reach the condition necessary for planting, it is time to take up the place where your dill plantation will grow. On the windowsill, even the narrowest, it is convenient to place a rectangular pot. The pot needs to be deep enough. Remember that dill is a light-requiring plant, so make sure that the balcony or kitchen windowsill always has good access to sunlight when you plant it.
You can always buy a fluorescent lamp and place it 50-60 cm above the pot. Turn it on for 5-6 hours daily. If you hang the lamp on the balcony, it will not interfere with your daily activities.
Before filling the pot with soil, cover the bottom with expanded clay, broken brick, pebbles or rubble, that is, create a drainage layer. Place a layer of sand on top of the drainage, and only then pour the prepared soil. Moisture will easily pass through such a mixture, and you don't need more to care for the greens that you plan to grow on the balcony or windowsill.
Video "Sowing dill"
Video advice on planting this plant crop, the rules for growing and caring for it.
Planting dill is not difficult, but responsible. You can sow greens as early as February or March, depending on weather conditions. And if you want to get a harvest as early as possible, you should prepare the seeds - before planting, soak for 3-4 days in warm water, changing it as soon as it cools down and drying the seeds, or hold it for a couple of days in an ash solution.
In the spring, plant the greens in the ground to a depth of 2 cm. How much space is needed for proper planting: there should be at least 20 cm between the beds. This will facilitate the care of the sprouting dill. Or 1 sq. M. you need to sow no more than 1-2 g. So the greens will grow densely, but there will be enough distance between the plants, which will facilitate the process of weeding and hilling.
When growing dill on a windowsill, there are some rules to follow, especially in winter. Dill is a sun-loving plant, therefore it is worth giving it additional light - 4-5 hours in the morning and evening. Remember to feed your greens with concentrated fertilizers. So it will rise faster and bloom more abundantly.
When growing greens in the garden or on the balcony, you must not forget about caring for the plant. Water, huddle, loosen the soil. And then fresh herbs will grow rapidly, decorate your table, make dishes fresh and unique.
How to plant dill and get a rich harvest? It is enough to follow simple rules for plant care.
- It is best to water your dill garden every other day. When dry, the dill turns yellow and dries.
- For cooking, pluck only young shoots when their height reaches 17-20 cm.
- Growing dill on a windowsill or balcony - feel free to plant it in January-February. In a month and a half, that is, in early spring, you will harvest the first crop.
- Make sure the plant is getting enough light or it will dry out.
- Garden maintenance: Thin your beds regularly to give your plants more room to grow.
- Cover the pot with plastic foil immediately after planting and store in a dark place for 7-8 days. The greenhouse effect will allow the plant to germinate quickly. When you see that the dill is sprouting, place the pot on the windowsill or balcony.
- Pinch off the top to encourage lateral stem growth.
- Feed the dill with mineral fertilizers every two weeks.
- Seedling maintenance requires lowering the temperature at night - open a window or place the pot on a glassed-in balcony.
As you can see, planting and caring for dill is not fraught with difficulties. A little attention and patience is enough to receive fragrant greens all year round.
Video "Growing dill on the windowsill"
How and when is it better to plant dill before winter
It happens to some gardeners to be perplexed when they see that self-seeding of dill grows well in spring, and the spring crops organized by them do not even have a hint of germination.
The explanation for this phenomenon is quite simple, there are two reasons for this:
- essential oils contained in seeds greatly delay their germination, making it difficult to absorb moisture necessary for germination
- at a time when dill is usually sown, soil moisture is not enough, regular watering of crops is required.
Planting dill seeds with seeds before winter helps to solve this kind of problem, because this spice is cold-resistant, the seedlings can withstand up to -4 degrees of frost, with abundant moisture after the snow melts, essential oils are washed off, the seeds swell well and begin to germinate at the first spring warmth.
In early spring, with night frosts, dill will not suffer, since it has undergone stratification, its seeds start growing even at +3 0 C, and short-term drops in temperature are not afraid of it.
Dill loves open, sunlit places, as well as loose, fertile soil fertilized with organic matter (humus, compost). In such areas, the greens grow strong, especially fragrant and lush, on heavy and poor soils, in the shade the dill will be pale and elongated, so you cannot be irresponsible in choosing a planting site.
When preparing a garden bed in the fall, it is dug deeply, clods of earth are crushed, fertilizer is applied, the surface of the bed is leveled, trying to make it as even as possible.
The grooves are, if possible, located from north to south, so that the rows of dill are evenly illuminated and warmed by the sun throughout the day. The depth of the furrows is made deeper than when sowing in spring, by 1 cm, there is a sufficient distance of 20 cm between the rows. Before the onset of frost, the soil will settle a little, the bed will be ready for sowing.
The timing of planting dill before winter in each area is different, the main thing is that by this time a stable cold weather has been established:
- night temperatures dropped to -2-3 0 С
- daytime temperatures should be between 0- + 3 0 C.
To prevent the grooves from being washed out by rain, it is better to cover the bed with a film, roofing material, cardboard. There is an additional benefit from this: if the bed is prepared in a warm season, weeds can still grow, and opaque coverings will drown out their growth. The snow that has fallen by the time of planting is not terrible, it will just need to be shoveled from the garden.
Planting dill in the fall before winter is always carried out with dry seeds, it is also impossible to water the crops. It is better to sprinkle the furrows not with ordinary garden soil, but with previously stored peat, compost, humus, which must be loose and friable, so that in the spring it is easier for the seeds to break through.
In the fight against the formation of the upper crust on the bed, it is sprinkled with mulch and left until spring.
There is another way to plant dill in the winter - by scattering seeds around the garden with a fan:
- The bed is prepared as usual, trying to break the clods of earth as carefully as possible.
- When the temperature is below zero, dry dill seeds mixed with sand are sown.
- Sprinkle humus on top, sprinkle mulch.
They try to use this method before the snow falls, so that it covers the seeds. In the spring, when the snow begins to melt, the melt water will pull the seeds into the ground, they will quickly germinate there.
With this method, the bushes grow stocky, with many fluffy twigs, less seed consumption is required, and the yield is greater.
Thus, planting dill before winter, as well as other cold-resistant crops, is a great opportunity for land owners to have on their tables environmentally friendly early products of their own production.
When to plant
The dormant period of tuberous begonias ends around the end of February. You can find out that it is time to plant the tubers by the swollen or already germinating buds. Some tubers "wake up" in April, so from February you need to monitor their condition. You can speed up the awakening if you spread the planting material in a well-lit place, but away from direct sunlight.
The begonias that have wintered in pots with soil are simply put in a bright place and begin to moisten.
Tuberous begonias are planted on a flower bed after the soil warms up and warm weather sets in with freezing temperatures even at night. Therefore, the timing of disembarkation in open ground depends on the weather conditions in your region.
It is better if they grew before the garlic in the garden tomatoes, cucumbers, legumes... Also good precursors to garlic can be early cabbage, zucchini, pumpkin... In this case, the soil for garlic will be maximally saturated with organic fertilizers.
In places that were occupied by potatoes or onions, it is not recommended to plant garlic. This is due to the fact that between these crops there is a high risk of "exchange" of diseases (nematodes, fusarium, etc.).
You should also not plant winter garlic in areas where manure was introduced this year: garlic will give abundant tops, loose heads and will be less resistant to fungal diseases.
My Dill Planting Method That Provides Greens and Umbrellas
I often heard from friends that they grow dill separately: on some beds - for greens, and on others - for umbrellas. And this surprised me a lot, because I always use a different planting method that saves time and space.
When I first started farming, I also made many mistakes in growing dill, but when I learned the way I want to share, I made my life much easier.
My method can be called "two in one", because first the dill grows in bushes, and then, just in time for the pickling season, it will be used for umbrellas. And the main thing in this is that the leaves of the plant will always remain juicy, aromatic and soft. Only the stems will be deeper by the fall, just when the umbrellas are needed for canning.
You might think that I am just using some special kind of seed, but this is not the case. Many years ago I tried different varieties, but in the end I still came to the conclusion that they do not really matter. You just need to be able to plant the plant correctly.
Several years ago, my grandmother told me about a special way of planting this crop, which I have been using ever since. The most important thing in this method is to sow the plant in bunches, not in rows, as is usually done. To begin with, I dig a hole about 10-15 centimeters in size. Then I put the seeds in there, bury them and water them with water.
Precisely because the seeds in the hole are in a bunch, the shoots will grow in a fluffy bush, and the greens will always be juicy and soft. All summer I use the harvest for cooking. Due to the fact that it is very juicy, I add it to almost all dishes. The ingredients for pickling will start to form closer to the canning period, then you can start using them.
This method can be useful for many housewives, because delicious and fragrant dill will be on the table all summer long. And the plant itself will continue to grow and not bloom. And also by the fall you will be provided with umbrellas for pickling vegetables.
Using my method, you no longer have to try to plant different varieties of dill. I am very grateful to my grandmother for sharing it with me once, because it saved me from unnecessary fuss and now I do not put any extra effort into growing this plant at all.
When the frost stops and the sun begins to warm up the soil, you can fertilize the dill again. This is usually done in early April. A good stimulator of plant development will be a solution of cow manure, in a ratio of 1 to 6, or a solution of chicken afterbirth, which must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 20. It is recommended to fertilize the garden bed about 2 times before summer begins.
So that possible cold weather, which sometimes occurs in early spring, does not harm your crop, the garden bed can be placed under a temporary cover made of spunbond, which is removed with the arrival of stable heat.
In the spring, in addition to cultivated plants, weeds also begin to wake up, so it is important to monitor the cleanliness of the beds, otherwise the grass can drown out the fragile sprouts of dill. In addition, in free soil, the bushes of greenery will be much more luxuriant. Inspection of the beds must be carried out every 7 days.
Winter sowing has its advantages and disadvantages. Each owner decides for himself in what season to plant a crop, motivating his actions with the peculiarities of caring for the plant and the time frame for waiting for the result. But the main advantage of this crop is its versatility and yield, regardless of the chosen cultivation method.
Onion planting and care in the open field
As we know, onions cannot be planted in the same place where the onion garden was also located last year. The likelihood of disease in this case greatly increases, and such plantings should be avoided.
Choose a place where tomatoes, carrots, potatoes, legumes, cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkin, cabbage were previously planted. The earth after them retains its nutritional value, and this is necessary for the onion to grow a good turnip.Onions and carrots have good neighborly relations, they scare off each other's pests, so you can plant them side by side.
He also prefers that the soil is not heavy, loose and nutritious. Places like light, with good drainage, without moisture stagnation.
It is better to prepare the future onion bed in advance in the fall, loosen the soil well and add humus and compost. In the spring, one to two weeks before planting, we loosen the soil and spill it with organic humic fertilizers. Gumi Kuznetsova will do.
Planting onions on a turnip (on a head)
We prepare grooves with a depth of about 8-10 cm.The distance between them is at least 15 cm.
We spill them with Fitosporin solution for disinfection. You can use both powder (1 tsp per 10 l of water) and paste (1 tbsp of diluted paste per 10 l of water).
We plant our seedlings in the spilled grooves at a distance of 10 cm from each other. We put him on what is called "on the shoulders", i.e. not only to cover the roots, but much deeper. This is necessary so that the bulb has good contact with the soil and does not dangle, because it will not have roots soon.
Sprinkle wood ash on top as fertilizer and disinfection. And we fill the grooves with earth.
Planting onions on greens (on a feather)
When we do not have a goal to grow a turnip, but we only want greenery, then to save space, we suggest you use bridge planting.
This is when the bulbs are planted one to one very tightly and not very deep. In this case, planting in open ground is not necessary, you can use a container with earth. Or select a small spot in the garden.
Mixed feather and head fit at the same time
When we don't have a lot of space, but you want to grow good onions and eat greens, then this method will come in handy. We make grooves as usual, but we plant the sevok in them in a checkerboard pattern and quite often.
With such a goal that some of these seedlings will grow into a turnip, and some can be pulled as they grow, not greens and consumed fresh.
Otherwise, the steps are the same as in the classic turnip planting (see above).
When we have organized a good bed, in a lighted place, with nutritious loose soil, we only have to weed it in time so that the weeds do not interfere with the growth of the crop. Watering is carried out after planting once a week.
Also, onions need frequent loosening of the soil (between rows and between plantings, especially after rain, so that the earth does not turn into a crust) and top dressing.
At the end of May, it is necessary to feed him with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, in mid-June - he already needs potassium fertilizers and ammonium nitrate. For those who prefer to do without chemicals, green fertilizers from weeds and nettles, vermicompost and ash are suitable.
Fertilizing with ammonia is also effective: 2 tbsp. 1 liter of ammonia dissolve in 10 liters of water, watered with such a product should be on wet ground, and not on dry ground. Therefore, we pre-moisten the beds. The ammonia will drive away pests and nourish your plantings with the necessary nitrogen.
We do this feeding with trids with an interval of 10 days. And you will forget about the yellowing of the onion feather, and the onion fly will not stick its nose on your beds.
So dear friends, there is nothing difficult in growing onions, you will definitely succeed.