Features of growing hybrid tea roses
Hybrid tea roses are a group of varieties obtained by crossing a Chinese tea rose and a remontant rose. The hybrids turned out to be very successful: the shape and aroma of the flower, the wide palette of colors of these garden roses are simply mesmerizing, and their flowering can last from spring to late autumn. Hybrid tea roses can be successfully grown even by beginners, since they are unpretentious to care for.
But, like any other plant, the plants of this group have features, which we will talk about in this article.
Popular varieties of hybrid tea roses
The most popular are the following varieties of the group described in the article:
- mainzer fastnacht (blue moon);
- pis (gloria dei);
- black baccarat;
- la france;
In the photo: Blooming roses in the garden
Landing in open ground
For the normal development, growth and abundant, long-lasting flowering of roses, the planting site is of great importance. The site should be well lit, but in the very sun, the bush should be protected by a shade. Tea hybrids grow best in a water-permeable, well-fertilized, loose slightly acidic soil... Roses do not like drafts, so it is better to plant them under the protection of taller shrubs or hedges, as well as along walls.
Growing roses from A to Z - complete information
If you plant a rose in spring, from May to June, the plant will have time to take root and get stronger before winter. The acquired seedling is stored until planting in a cool, dark place, and immediately before planting, the root system of the plant is dipped into water for 1-2 hours so that it is saturated with moisture.
In the photo: How rose bushes are planted
A seedling hole is dug out of such a size that the roots fit freely in it, do not bend or break. The bottom of the pit is loosened with a pitchfork, then a layer of organic fertilizer (rotted manure, humus) is placed in the pit. The seedling is installed in the center of the pit, its roots are straightened, the hole is filled with soil by half, a bucket of water is poured into it, and then the remaining space is filled with soil. After filling the hole, the grafting site of the seedling should be 2-3 cm deep. Water the root area, and when the water is absorbed, mulch it with organic material.
Watering and feeding
A rooting rose seedling must be watered once every two to three days. When the plant gets stronger and gains in growth, watering is reduced to moderate: between waterings, the soil under the bush should dry out. But during the budding period, watering should be abundant. It is best to moisten the soil in the early morning or evening.
In the photo: Watering rose bushes
The rose is very responsive to fertilization and feeding. A good result is obtained by a combination of organic and mineral fertilizers. Fertilizing and feeding plants begins in the second year after planting. Organic matter or minerals are scattered on the moistened soil around the bush, covered with loosening and watered.
The main periods of feeding roses:
- spring feeding (organic and mineral fertilizers);
- period of budding (infusions of manure or poultry droppings);
- before flowering (mineral fertilizers);
- autumn feeding (organic fertilizers).
In the photo: Fertilizing roses
After rain or watering, the soil around the bush is periodically loosened and weeded from weeds.
Planting and caring for climbing roses - here is everything you need to know
Bush shaping and sanitary pruning
An important role in the development of a plant is played by pruning, which is sanitary and formative. Sanitary pruning is carried out in order to improve the plant, from which dead, weak and diseased shoots are removed.
Forming pruning is carried out three times per season:
- in the spring, after swelling of the buds, undersized varieties are cut off above 3-4 buds, leaving a shoot 15-20 cm long. Tall species are cut off after 8 buds, leaving a shoot 30 cm long;
- in summer, after flowering, faded stems are removed so that the plant does not waste energy on the ripening of seeds, as well as diseased and wilted flowers;
- in the fall cut out damaged and unripe shoots.
Preparing tea hybrids for winter
To save the plant from freezing, it is necessary to cover the rose bushes for the winter. The lower buds of the plant are sprinkled with a layer of earth, and on top of the ground the root zone is mulched with sawdust or leaf litter. Small bushes are covered with an inverted bucket, on which a load is placed so that the wind does not blow the shelter. A metal or wooden frame is erected around a large plant, the inner space between the frame and the plant is filled with dry leaves, spruce branches or sawdust, and a covering material is put on over the frame so that air must be supplied to the plant. The main thing is to prevent the bush from getting rotten in winter.
In the photo: Shelter roses for the winter
Hybrid tea roses are very responsive to care, and the more time you spend on these plants, the more lush, vibrant and long-lasting they will bloom.
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Features of hybrid tea roses
Flowers of this variety saw the light thanks to the French breeder J. B. André Guillot. At the end of the 19th century, he managed to cross tea and remontant roses. The flowers of hybrid tea roses have a graceful shape and clear color. Moreover, they bloom for a long time several times per season. The buds have an attractive goblet shape. Cut flowers do not fade for a long time, have a delicate aroma. All these qualities have made hybrid tea roses the best-selling varieties in flower shops.
Currently, there are over ten thousand varieties of this color category. Their inflorescences can be simple and lush, one-color and two-color, and they can also have rare unusual shades.
These are whimsical flowers in growing, they require compliance with all rules and regulations. Saplings are planted in mid-May or autumn. Watering must be done with warm water. It is necessary to water at the root, while it is important to ensure that water does not fall on the leaves.
Several times a season, hybrid tea bushes need to be fed with nitrogen and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. It also requires procedures such as loosening the soil after each watering, combating infectious diseases (powdery mildew, rust), pruning faded inflorescences and autumn pruning of leaves, shelter for the winter with spruce branches.
Varieties of hybrid tea roses
Among the new varieties of hybrid tea roses, more and more are appearing that grow into a wide bush, which makes them look great with a single planting. Thanks to this quality, they are also suitable for mixed flower beds, where summer flowers, perennials or shrubs will be planted in the foreground.
To prevent leaf diseases, one should not forget to ensure proper ventilation inside such flower beds so that the leaves can dry quickly even after heavy rain.
White and pink varieties
Along with good resistance to leaf diseases, this variety of hybrid tea stands out for its frequent and lush flowering.
Differs in creamy white flowers of a noble shape.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.7 to 0.8 m.
Flowers: creamy white, slightly yellow in the center, double, do not crumble for a long time, light aroma.
A classic variety, it stands for a long time in the cut.
Typical hybrid tea rose with nostalgic flowers.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.7 to 1.2 m.
Flowers: creamy white, cherry-red petals at the edges, globular, profuse flowering.
A modern variety of hybrid tea roses with an upright bush, while the cupped flowers are more reminiscent of the old varieties.
As a result, we get a fusion of different time periods with a very high resistance to leaf diseases.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.7 to 0.8 m.
Flowers: double, cup-shaped, creamy, delicate aroma.
A charming hybrid tea rose with a rich aroma. It was named after the Ippenburg castle.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.8 to 1 m.
Flowers: salmon pink, one flower per stem.
A unique fragrant rose, marked in many international rose competitions.
Extremely resistant to black spot, but susceptible to powdery mildew.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, dense, height from 0.8 to 1 m.
Flowers: from deep pink to pale pink, dense double, intense aroma.
Large fragrant flowers of noble classical shape and unusual purple color.
The flowers last for a long time, do not crumble and are well suited for cutting.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.8 to 0.9 m.
Flowers: purple, double, noble in shape, often and lush blooming, good aroma.
The main features of this hybrid tea rose are the intense aroma, romantically scattered flowers on the bush.
Excellent disease resistance, frequent and lush flowering.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.7 to 0.9 m.
Flowers: purple with a touch of fuchsia, one to four flowers per stem, intense lemon scent.
Having created the FOCUS variety in 1997, the German nursery Noack set new standards in the degree of resistance of hybrid tea roses to various diseases.
Growth features: the bush is wide, branched, vigorous, up to 0.7 m high.
Flowers: salmon pink, double, noble shape.
Pink and yellow varieties
A hybrid tea rose with large flowers and strong foliage.
Well suited for cutting and for growing in classic aromatic gardens.
Growth features: round, branched bush, height from 1 to 1.2 m.
Flowers: purple-violet, dense double, intense pink scent, typical of hybrid tea roses.
A classic hybrid tea rose with a breathtaking scent and good leaf disease resistance.
Growth features: erect bush, vigorous, height from 0.8 to 1 m.
Flowers: intense bright pink, with a touch of lilac, double, very large, noble, classic shape, strong aroma.
Strong hybrid tea with shiny, very healthy foliage, best planted in small groups or mixed flower beds.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height approximately 0.8 m.
Flowers: shining pink with a yellow heart, large, noble classical shape, good aroma.
A tall and healthy variety of hybrid tea roses with romantic flowers.
Growth features: slender, erect bush, height from 1 to 1.2 m.
Flowers: dense double, creamy pink, the petals have a beautiful jagged border, delicate aroma.
Forms beautiful large flowers with a sweet aroma typical of hybrid tea roses.
Also well suited for growing in tubs.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.8 to 1.2 m.
Flowers: pink to apricot with red and yellow hues, large.
Overflows of a whole palette of shades of pink with a yellow-pink heart.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.7 to 0.8 m.
Flowers: pink at the edges, inside light pink with a yellow tint, noble shape, double.
A tall and robust hybrid tea rose in a nostalgic style.
Well suited for single growing and also for cutting.
Growth features: compact and highly branched bush, height from 0.7 to 0.9 m.
Flowers: dark orange to apricot (weather dependent), cupped, often lined, peachy aroma.
A colorful hybrid tea rose with an unusual mix of yellow and pink flowers.
Also characterized by frequent and lush blooms and a pleasant aroma.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.6 to 0.8 m.
Flowers: yellow-pink, double, one flower per stem.
Yellow and red varieties
A vigorous hybrid tea rose with good disease resistance. Copper-yellow buds open into honey-yellow flowers, which brighten a little when wilted.
Mainly flowers in brushes, also suitable for cutting.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 1 to 1.2 m.
Flowers: yellow, double, elegant, delicate aroma.
A relatively compact variety.
Often forms clusters with strong stems, which is why it is considered one of the few hybrid tea roses suitable for growing in tubs on the terrace.
Growth features: compact, branched bush, height from 0.6 to 0.7 m.
Flowers: lemon yellow, brighten when wilted, large, double, delicate aroma.
Although the Black Magic variety was originally bred as a cut variety, it has become extremely popular for regular gardening as well, because its velvety dark red flowers of the classic form will leave no one indifferent.
Growth features: erect bush, vigorous, height from 0.8 to 1.0 m.
Flowers: velvety dark red, one flower per long stem.
For its magnificent intense aroma, similar to the aroma of ancient roses, the variety has won many awards at international competitions.
Growth features: strong, erect, branched bush, height from 0.4 to 0.6 m.
Flowers: velvety red, nostalgic well-shaped, one flower per stem, intense aroma.
Perfectly shaped red flowers.
The foliage is very disease resistant. Its long stems make it ideal for cutting.
Growth features: the bush is slender, erect, branches well, height from 0.8 to 1 m.
Flowers: shining blood red, medium in size, elegant in shape.
This variety of hybrid tea roses combines a deep red color with a classic flower shape.
A pleasant addition is a rich aroma.
Growth features: erect bush, branched, height from 0.6 to 1 m.
Flowers: shining velvety red, double, noble shape, rich aroma.
The Piano variety captivates with its radiant flowers, nostalgic shape and light raspberry aroma.
Growth features: strong, erect bush, height up to 1.5 m.
Flowers: classic red, pom-shaped, double-colored, fragrant.
A beautifully designed bush of this variety is good to grow one by one.
Gives good growth even without summer pruning.
Growth features: the bush is strong and very dense, the height is from 0.8 to 1 m.
Flowers: red without fading, elegantly shaped with slightly carved edges of the petals, partly in the brushes.
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Such a group of rose varieties is obtained by crossing a Chinese rose and a multi-flowered rose. Differs in long flowering and an abundance of small, collected in large clusters of multi-colored flowers, mostly without aroma.
Rose bushes are low up to 60 cm. Flowers are 3 to 4 cm in diameter, usually double: white, pink, red and salmon. Bloom profusely and continuously from mid-July until frost. Plants are hardy, but require light protection for the winter. They grow well and bloom outdoors on their own roots. Look great in landscape design as borders.
Variety - Gloria Mundi
Flowers with orange-red flowers. Suitable for the Middle Urals.
Variety - Lady Reading
The flowers are dark red. Suitable for the Middle Urals.
Variety - Orange Triumph
The flowers are orange-red. Suitable for the Middle Urals.
How to care for hybrid tea roses
- Watering is carried out exclusively at the root. When planting, the bush should receive moisture in the amount of 5 liters every other day for three days. Further, it is enough to water once a week.
- Top dressing is applied several times during the summer. Organic matter in spring and dormant period, minerals in July, potassium closer to autumn.
- Before freezing, once again feed the rose with organic matter.
It is important to remember that each variety has its own feeding scheme; the saturation of the color and the duration of flowering will depend on this.
Other types of roses
Breeders have bred over 100 varieties of dwarf roses. They have beautiful little flowers in different shades with or without a subtle scent. Their advantages:
- small bushes (up to 40 cm in height)
- most are frost-resistant, so they can be used as perennials to decorate flower beds
- are distinguished by long flowering (from May to the onset of frost)
- miniature flowers have different shapes and colors
- fit well into landscape design, because there are varieties with 1 or more flowers on the stem
- creeping and climbing types of mini roses with long (up to 5 m) shoots and small (up to 4 cm in diameter) flowers in large numbers are well suited for arches and hedges.
David Austin's shade-tolerant English garden roses can grow in places where the sun is 4-5 hours a day:
- Princess anne
- Gertrude Jekyll
- Gentle hermione
- Thomas a becket
- Crown Princess Margareta
- Crown Princess Margareta
- Teasing Georgia, etc.
- Cinco de Mayo. Has an unusual color: rusty orange, and at the end of flowering - an ashy lavender shade. Color depth is enhanced in cooler weather. Spherical bush, leaves are dark green glossy. Light apple aroma, cupped inflorescences with 7-10 buds.
- Osiria. It has an attractive color: velvety dark red petals on the inside and silvery white on the outside. The aroma is strong, blooming from June to late autumn.
- Suntory Apploz. The blue rose created by the Japanese corporation is considered the ideal of harmony and eternity.
- Black Baccarat. Black rose bred by French breeders. The flowers in the buds are black in color, in cool weather they have a black tint.
Roses without thorns are very popular, they are well suited for park and landscape areas. There are almost no thorns on their stems, the thorns are softer, easily deformed.
Unfortunately, at the moment there is no clear, correct and most importantly understandable world classification of roses. Even in the UK itself, there are differences in estimates between the National Rose Society of Great Britain and the British Rose Breeders Association. The most powerful, to date, two German breeding firms Tantau and Cordes are in conflict with the World Federation of Rose Societies and the Nomenclature Committee. The domestic classification, developing separately, only added to the confusion. The varieties of roses of foreign selection (mainly German), falling into our climatic zone, with our ecology and office work, sometimes differ greatly from the original, licensed varieties. In addition, the classification of varietal roses has been repeatedly changed over the long period of their cultivation, new groups appear. And yet there are "well-established", generally accepted groups of roses.
1. Standard roses
The "queen" of flowers should have a throne and therefore its role is perfectly fulfilled by the stem on which she nobly sits. Standard roses are the pinnacle of perfection! This is CLASSIC.
The standard rose is a small (from 60 to 180cm) rose tree. The stem itself (stem) is a rosehip shoot on which a cultivar of a rose, one or two flowers (varieties), is grafted at a certain height. Depending on the idea or composition, any group of roses can be grafted onto the stem (rosehip stock). The height of the stem should correspond to the selected group of roses.
Curb and spray roses (flowerpot form) 60-90cm.
Flowerbeds and floribundas 90-120cm.
Climbing and ground cover (weeping or cascading form) 140-180cm.
The stem rose is not a separate independent group, it is a special cultivation technology, when the grafting is done not in the root collar, but in the upper part of the stem (rose hips).
2. Climbing roses (curly).
They form shoots from 2 to 5 meters long, with which they braid: pergolas, gazebos, arches or fences. There are Ramblera roses and Climber roses (Climing bud mutation).
Rambler these are mainly varieties of the old selection. They have long, thin, soft, highly branched shoots requiring support. Since ramblers have a very dense bush and good foliage, they are often used in vertical gardening of fences and retaining walls. Rumblers usually bloom once, but very abundant and long (20-30 days). Small flowers are collected in large loose inflorescences located along the entire length of last year's shoot. Rambler cannot be cut short, as they have a two-year cycle of flower bud development. In the first year, replacement shoots grow, on which, in the second year, flowering occurs on the lateral shoots. Flowers in ramblers appear only on the shoots of the last year, of the most varied colors, often odorless.
Climbers - differ in thicker and more powerful shoots. Climbers have an increased ability to shoot and re-bloom. Climbers bloom mainly on the middle and upper parts of the shoots. Flower buds are formed both on last year's shoots and on the shoots of the current year. Large flowers (8 to 16cm) collected in small loose inflorescences. The flowers are cup-shaped in shape or similar in structure and smell to hybrid tea roses. Autumn flowering is not so intense, since during this period new, powerful replacement shoots grow in the bush.
Climing - are obtained as a result of kidney mutation, when, for any reason (climate change, violation of agricultural technology, etc.), a failure occurs at the gene level. When the existing varieties of hybrid tea or floribunda begin to grow longer shoots.
Climbing roses with which they braid columns, grottoes, awnings and cozy gazebos look great and classically.
3.Park roses (shrubs, tapeworms).
They differ from hybrid tea roses in more powerful growth, frost resistance and unpretentious care. These include the now popular English roses. They are used both in solitary plantings and in the form of a green fence.
The flowers are sometimes used as a cut for romantic bouquets. Park roses have lush, tall, shrubs in harmony with nature.
Large, densely doubled, ancient-shaped flowers (sometimes "squared") collected in small loose inflorescences. Even after flowering of the central, larger, flower does not lose its decorative effect and looks natural. Coloring, often fragrant, colors are the most diverse, but calm (pastel) natural colors prevail.
So that park roses do not lose their natural look, they are given minimal (sanitary) pruning. This group of roses has an increased resistance to disease.
Park roses look great in compositions with "antiquity" elements, when the effect of an old "abandoned" rose garden is created.
4. English roses (romantic, nostalgic, antique).
English roses have conquered flower growers - lovers of their natural beauty. Noble cupped flowers, mostly in pastel colors, have a divine charm and heady aroma.
The hallmark of all English roses is a very strong aroma of old roses.
Large, densely doubled, ancient-shaped flowers (often squared) are collected in small loose inflorescences. Even after flowering of the central, larger flower, they do not lose their decorative effect and look natural. Flowers are often used as a cut for romantic bouquets. The bushes are vigorous, lush, slightly spreading, reminiscent of old roses. English roses differ from hybrid tea by more powerful growth, frost resistance and unpretentious care.
These include the now popular park roses.
So that English roses do not lose their natural appearance, they are made easy (sanitary) pruning.
English roses look great both in solitary plantings and in romantic rose gardens with "antiquity" elements.
Buying English rose seedlings in the nursery is reliable, profitable and convenient.
Buying English roses in a nursery to decorate your personal plot is a great start to a romantic story about love for the "queen" of flowers.
5. Tea-hybrid roses (noble, large-colored).
This is a group of cut varieties that are grown both for landscaping and to obtain high-quality flowers for bouquets (cut). They are rightfully considered the "queen" of roses.
A distinctive feature of hybrid tea roses is a slender, erect bush with powerful tall shoots. Bushes, usually from 80 to 160 cm in height, have an increased ability to sprout (productivity). The tops of young shoots with leaves are often reddish-brownish in color. Thorns are darker in color than shoots, usually large, but rare. Vigorous varieties of hybrid tea roses with a large flower almost always have large leaves. Varieties with dark green, shiny, leathery leaves are less affected by diseases. In a group of hybrid tea roses, the flower is usually fragrant, large (from 8 to 16 cm), often grooved, elongated, with a high center, densely doubled, with dense petals and persistent in cut. Flowers are located at the top of the shoot, solitary, sometimes in small inflorescences. The color of flowers can be very diverse - from pure white to black and red. Darker varieties usually have a stronger odor.
Recently, varieties with striped and two-tone colors have come into vogue. There are also varieties that have all sorts of shades, overflows, edges, etc.
Hybrid tea roses that are used for intensive cutting (when forcing in greenhouses) require more careful maintenance and enhanced feeding.
By the beauty of the flower, the group of hybrid tea roses rightfully takes the undisputed first place.
6. Floribunda roses (abundant flowering, flower beds, landscape).
They have medium, compact bushes in which numerous flowers are collected in the form of large corymbose inflorescences or panicles. They are distinguished by abundant, long-lasting flowering and winter hardiness.
Low-growing Floribunda roses are called Patio roses.
Most varieties of this group are superior to hybrid tea varieties in a huge variety of colors and brightness of flowers. Small flowers, of different doubleness, have a loose structure, sometimes odorless. The central flower is usually larger than the rest.
Strongly branched shoots, well leafy, medium-sized foliage. The characteristic features of this group are increased resistance to diseases and unfavorable weather conditions.
They are widely used in landscape gardening. Floribunda roses are indispensable in creating a continuously blooming rose garden.
7. Patio roses (landscape, rabatkovye).
Low-growing Floribunda roses are called Patio roses.
Patio roses have low, highly branched, compact bushes, well leafy with decorative dark green foliage. Numerous flowers are collected in the form of large corymbose inflorescences or panicles.
Patio roses were bred specifically for small patio patios. Possessing all the virtues of Floribunda roses, the undersized Patio roses have concentrated in themselves a breathtaking riot of colors and long flowering. With their short stature and small root system, Patio roses grow well in pots, tubs and flowerpots. Most varieties of this group are superior to hybrid tea varieties in a huge variety of colors, winter hardiness and disease resistance.
Patio roses are indispensable when decorating patio yards with floor (flowerpot) compositions.
8.Spray roses (family, bouquet).
Spray roses are short, erect, very unusual and decorative bushes. Numerous small flowers, shaped like hybrid tea roses, collected in the form of dill inflorescences. On one shoot, there is usually one inflorescence in which there are up to 30 or more decorative flowers located corymbose. Each flower has a separate elongated peduncle. The central flower is larger and blooms first.
This is a relatively recent group of gift roses, where one blooming shoot is already an original bouquet.
Grow well in floor pots and tubs.
Spray roses are widely used as a cut group of roses, as well as an original element in landscaping flower beds and borders.
9. Ground cover roses (landscape, creeping).
They have an arched or creeping bush shape and therefore are indispensable in decorative landscape gardening. When two or three ground cover roses with different colors are planted closely, the illusion of a multi-colored carpet is created. The height of the ground cover rose bush is usually less than the width. This group has an increased ability to shoot.
Long, highly branched, lying on the ground, shoots are densely covered with tough, dark green, shiny leaves.
Having the ability for additional root formation, some varieties grow in diameter to an impressive size, creating a solid flowering carpet. Medium and small flowers form small inflorescences along the entire length of the shoots.
Caring for ground cover roses is minimal. Almost no weeding or pruning required. Groundcover roses have exceptional disease resistance, are very winter-hardy, and bloom profusely and continuously.
They are widely used in decorative landscaping of slopes, terraces and retaining walls.
Indispensable in cascading compositions when decorating stairs and balconies. Grow well in floor and hanging flowerpots.
10. Border roses (potted, mix roses).
Border roses with very small flowers are called miniature roses.
They are distinguished by their small stature, which have small flowers and leaves. Grow well in pots, flowerpots and hanging planters. Indispensable in rockeries and alpine slides. Recently, they are often used in "carpet" flower beds.
Border roses have a small, compact, well-branched bush. Most often, the bush is formed spherical.
The leaves are usually small, shiny, disease resistant. The flowering is profuse and long lasting.
Small flowers are a real work of nature. Some varieties, in terms of the structure of the flower and the variety of colors, are not inferior in beauty to the group of hybrid tea roses and resemble a piece of jewelry.
11. Miniature roses (mini roses).
Border roses with very small flowers are called miniature roses.
Well-branched bushes of miniature roses are covered with small shiny leaves.
The popularity of miniature roses is not accidental, because this group is distinguished by even more miniature flowers.Numerous small flowers in large cone-shaped inflorescences and spectacular repeated flowering make this group of roses especially in demand for decorating alpine slides and rock gardens.
Grow well in pots, tubs and flowerpots.
In some varieties of miniature roses, the flowers are so small (1-2 cm) that they rather look like bead balls.
Miniature flowers are a real masterpiece of jewelry created by nature itself.